Violet plant is a herbaceous plant of the violet family coming from the mountains in North Africa Tangier, where they get to measure a height of 15 to 20 cm. Today there are thousands of varieties with different colors including lavender, pink, blue, red and white. Moreover, varieties that can combine two or more colors is known. The leaves have a smooth or wavy texture and can become very variegated. In addition, there are miniature African violets are usually grown in hanging baskets. In this article violets know how to plant and care.
One of the big problems with regards to how to plant violets is that this flower can have some problems to flourish. This is because these plants are very demanding conditions of cultivation One is the need for 14 hours a day indirect light and a rest of eight hours in the dark . A good tip is to place in windows which are facing west or south during the winter, and windows facing north or east in summer. Also keep in mind that this want high night temperatures and lower during the day , but it is appropriate that range from 14 to 28° degrees Celsius, respectively.
Watering violet plant should be avoided at all costs the excess water, using enough that the soil is moist but not saturated. One tip is to use warm water or atroom temperature, but never cold water as it can damage the root system. The soil should be kept all slightly damp days and should avoid wetting the leaves.
The violet cultivation requires soil with good drainage capacity, in addition to having some ability to retain moisture, and organic matter.
Usually Violets are planted in plastic pots or clay with a diameter of 12 cm. The use of pots made of clay as they have a better moisture absorption is recommended. However, plastic models are more popular because of their light weight and cleanliness but should choose them must be more careful with it produces a water logging. The plants should be moved to larger pots as they grow. The optimum time for transplanting is after observing that some leaves have wilted a bit.
The first step is to choose the ideal specimen plant since violet is very easy to acquire. However, due to the use of hybridization techniques, growers can offer a wide range of crops violet. For which is always good to have a reference of producers to ensure the quality of the flowers. If you wish to use the seeds can be started with the plantation after the end of the heats of the summer. Another way of planting is the use of the stems with leaves oldest, which must be cut as close as possible to the base. These stems be able to produce upon contact with soil, being able to create their roots knots.
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As Plantar Violets – The blade cut from the base being planted The transplant Violets only done 2 times and usually the first transplant was performed after 8 to 12 weeks. It is placed three to four pots 6 cm in diameter and 6 cm or seedbeds with a slight amount of light soil, well drained and rich in organic matter.
Should use dirt or sand as part of the mix, then apply a small amount of chemical fertilizers.After two to three months are beginning to see the first buds floral, this indicates that it is ready for the final transplant.
Care violets should fertilize the plant every 2 weeks with a fertilizer rich in phosphorus , only during the season of summer. Moreover, it should only be paid when it is observed that the plant needs a new impulse. Believe it or not excessive fertilization is more common to observe that the sub-fertilization. Violets are susceptible to pests and diseases. The main cause of the fungal disease is caused by excessive moisture.