When you’ve made a choice among the many varieties and colors of roses and you are about to plant your favorite rose bush, it is advisable to stop for a moment to think about the following points…
1) The roses grown in pots can be planted throughout the year as long as there is no frost.
2) In the case of roses grown outdoors, it is best planted in autumn. Then the soil is still warm and therefore still may form some rootlets. Only then the plant will have optimum growth the following spring.
3) Rosebushes like a sunny place, but some varieties will sometimes too hot in a location south. The Rambler roses, for example, are a good choice. ! Look at this when choosing!
4) Rosebushes like a warm and airy place where the wind can caress the leaves. This is not the same as a place windy or drafty, where lurk all sorts of diseases.
5) Climbers should not be planted too close to a wall, where most of the time the soil is too dry. A distance of about 30 cm. It is perfect.
6) The roses are pretty picky about soil type. Where they are flourish best in a slightly clayey or silty soil. A sandy soil can optionally be enriched with manure. The heavy clay can be made more loose basalt flour. An acidic peat bog improve if we pay annually with lime.
For all soil types it is advisable to make a large planting hole and fill it with special soil for roses. After all, you cannot plant your new purchase more than once, and thus the plant will have the best possible start.
7) To stimulate soil life and limit damage from frost, it is smart quilting (cover the soil with leaves and old manure) directly at the time of planting.
8) Before planting the roses, put them first in a bucket of water overnight.
9) Stir well the land and make a hole large enough planting, so that the roots can extend well rosebush.
10) Plant the rose so deep that the graft gusset (the knobby part, from which sprout branches) is about 5 cm. below the earth (this, of course, is not valid for roses standing).
11) The earth removed, mixed with compost or manure is spread above the roots. Tamp the soil well with the foot, if not, the roots do not come into contact with the earth and the rosebush not take root well.
12) Water thoroughly after planting.
Climbing roses require some extra care, provided they are planted against a wall.
Near the foundation usually have few nutrients available, so improve the soil that is inevitable.
Fill the planting hole generously with soil quality and cow manure or special rose fertilizer and plant the rose bush about 30 cm. of the wall.
Since beside an earth wall is usually very dry, irrigate much, even when the rosebush has begun to grow.
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Pay on time
Only in a soil, generously paid roses will grow and grow optimally. During the growing season must be given an artificial fertilizer twice in the formula NPK 12 + 10 + 18, or else a biological fertilizer with trace elements.
To prevent disease is best to take a fertilizer with a high content of magnesium and potassium and, very importantly! Low in nitrogen!
Since early September, the fertilizer is no longer necessary. Otherwise, the plant would continue to grow too long, so the new shoots come unless resistant to frost before winter.
In November or February roses thank you or reserve a basic fertilizer, e.g. compost mixed with cow dung.
All roses must somehow protect against frost. The graft gusset, ie, where the rose bush cultivation has been grafted onto the rootstock (foot of a wild rose), is very sensitive to frost. For this reason the bush should a collar, as they say in technical terms. This also prevents desiccation.
To protect the earth from around the rosebushes against the deterioration of the structure, it is advisable to apply a coating of, for example, straw, well rotten manure, coconut bark, chips or homemade compost. Protecting rosebushes only removed when the danger of frost has mostly disappeared. In practice, this will be in March or April.
In these same months, there will be time for the pruning in dry periods should water the roses regularly; maybe they are more thirsty for your garden inhabitants. The suckers that sprout from the ground should be cut as soon as possible. These outbreaks are from the rootstock, are recognized by the large number of spikes, and leave seven leaflets. If not quietuses these outbreaks, soon you would have a wild rose of abundant flowering! Instead of the rosebush, you were chosen!