The object of pride of any gardener, both professional and novice amateur, are the plants, striking with their beauty and unusualness, planted on the site. The most attractive plants with confidence include jasmine bushes. The aroma of this flower is familiar to everyone since childhood – the sweet-exotic smell makes your head spin, fills everything around with a delicious fragrance. Spreading bushes with white flowers in the shape of stars never cease to amaze with their indescribable beauty. Read more
Cedar is a bright representative of coniferous trees, adored by connoisseurs of nature for its beautiful appearance, its fragrance and high resistance to severe frost.
The fruits are seeds-nuts, encased in cones. Nuts for many are a treat. But in our review, we will talk about how to plant cedar.
If the question arises, how it will be faster to get a cedar from a seed or a seedling, then the answer, of course, is from a seedling. But the fact is that they are not very cheap. Yes, and 100% guarantee that the seedling has no problems taking root in the garden.
From the sunflower seeds
For those who are not afraid of difficulties and are ready to test their strength in gardening, we suggest growing cedar from sunflower seeds.
Initially, you need to select quality planting material. Seed should be without foreign unpleasant aroma, not to have damage and mold and to be with a fresh crop.
It is known that cedar seeds retain their ability to germinate for only three years. With good storage, the seeds can retain their properties for several more years, but it is better to pick fresh nuts for germination.
When the seeds have undergone visual selection, they should be etched in a solution of potassium permanganate to prevent their damage by mold or fungus.
It should be prepared for the fact that the seeds of cedar quickly do not germinate. As a rule, it will take those 5-7 months.
Planting nuts after processing in potassium permanganate or “Maxim” solution is to be soaked for three days. Water should change daily.
The next stage is the placement of pine nuts in a tissue bag with wet sand or a container equipped with holes for ventilation for storage. In natural conditions, nuts are under a layer of snow and pine needles. We will take care of their storage in the refrigerator.
In this situation, keep the pine nuts for about 5-7 months, periodically moistening the sand and watching for the absence of mold.
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If the fungus is still found in the sand, it should be replaced, and the seeds should be inspected and the damaged ones removed. The best place to store nuts is the bottom shelf in the refrigerator.
As soon as the specified period of time passes, the nuts are washed and planted in flower pots.
Time for sowing nuts can be determined by the appearance of a crack on its shell and the appearance of a white sprout in it. If such changes occur with at least one nut, they can all be sown.
It is necessary to cover the container with glass. When the emerging sprout will throw off the shell, and a “small palm tree” will appear, you can be congratulated with the successful sprouting of the nut.
Soil for these purposes is necessary sandy loam. The depth of seeding of cedar seeds is 1 cm. If the pots are kept in a room with a temperature of + 20C … + 22C, the shoots should appear after about half to one month.
After the emergence of shoots, it is necessary to provide enough sunlight for the growth, moreover, constant exposure to the rays is not welcome.
In the garden area, you need to pick up a spot without drafts and place there for a while containers with cedar seedlings for hardening.
Gradually, “walks” need to be increased. And when the sapling gets used to such conditions, it can be safely planted in the open ground. A young seedling of cedar is fairly well tolerated by a transplant.
When a young tree reaches the age of three, they can be transplanted only in the spring.
Well, in older trees, the percentage of rooting will be inversely proportional to its age. If the roots dry out, the cedar tree may completely die, never rooted in a new place.
Adult trees, which are about five years old, must be transplanted with a cloud of land. Prepare such a tree for a transplant for about a year.
It occurs as follows – around the trunk, at a distance of 1 meter, you should make a circular incision of the roots. Thus, the deep roots still remain untouched for a year, and then they are as deeply withdrawn as possible with a cloud of soil.
In the first years of life, a seedling or a transplanted tree should be protected from burning sun rays. For this purpose, the cedar is planted in the shade of other trees or in the depths of the garden.
Care should be taken to watering the young seedling, obtained from the nut tree at home. Water should be used sparingly so that the cedar is rooted and developed normally, but it is impossible to tolerate over moistening.
The adult tree is provided with a mulching layer around the trunk to retain moisture. As mulch, you can use pine needles.
To grow at home, it takes not so much effort, how much time and patience. Enjoy the view of adult cedar on the site can be not immediately but after a few summer seasons.
Cedar is in demand with the gardeners because its attractiveness is measured to a greater extent than other coniferous trees.
How to prepare the seed for planting?
Determine the way to grow cedar will need long before the start of the season because to prepare the seeds, removed from the cones, it will take several months.
Success will depend on many factors: the quality of the seedling; compatibility of local soil and the conditions of growing a seedling in a nursery; shelf life of nuts and, of course, your desire and patience.
Nature prepares nuts for planting in the traditional way: cones fall off, pine nuts are poured out of them; seeds stay during the winter under a layer of snow; swell and safely germinate in the spring.
To speed up the process of scarification at home, you can rub the side of the nut with sandpaper and help the seed germinate.
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In order not to complicate your life too much, you can do much easier, and plant nuts at a depth of 2 cm into the ground under the tree. To save them from rodents and birds, seeds can be planted in a container and left on the street, taking care of the external protection.
The indispensable attribute of the suburban area – a large flowerbed, rock garden, lawn with ornamental bushes planted on them, grasses, flowers. Chamomile garden is a large perennial found, perhaps more often than others. Care for her is not difficult, she does not require close attention, and flowers against the backdrop of bright greenery, will attract attention and make you admire yourself.
A photo of a large garden chamomile can be found in our article, perhaps someone immediately wants to grow this flower in their own area.
Varieties of chamomile
In order to enjoy the beauty of the flowers, it is worth picking, from a large number of varieties, suitable only for your garden plot. Many kinds of large chamomiles can be seen in the pictures.
The variety of the plant is a large perennial chamomile, the varieties of which are grown, amaze with the brightness and size of the inflorescences. You can choose even terry chamomiles that resemble chrysanthemums and asters.
Multicolored shrubs can be red, lilac, pink or yellow. If desired, plants with different flowering periods are selected. Considering the fact that the garden chamomile looks beautiful in the cut and the flowers, regardless of the variety, cost a long time, it will not be difficult to decorate your home with a beautiful bouquet throughout the summer.
- Nivianica – chamomile is a large perennial. The size of the inflorescence, with proper care and observance of uncomplicated agrotechnical rules, can reach 15-20 cm. The height of the bush is about 70 cm. It loves sunny places that are not blown away by winds. It looks great in the cut, keeps a fresh look for a long period.
- Princess – a low, blooming from the beginning of July until frost, variety. The height of constantly growing shoots is about 35-40 cm. It blooms perfectly with regular watering. Seeds sown from autumn will sprout in spring and give beautiful flowers already in the same season. The flower is small, about 10 cm in diameter, but there are several of them on one shoot.
- Alaska is another variety with large flowers and a high stem. A big plus is blossoming from the beginning of the summer season to its end. Planted seedlings in early spring or seeding.
- To color grades of a garden, chamomile carries pyrethrums – pink and red; yellow cucurbits. The rose bush grows up to 60 cm, the red tolerates penumbra, and can reach a height of one and a half meters. Unpretentious in the care, grow on any soil, easily tolerates drought.
Chamomile garden: growing and grooming
Grow a bush of daisies on your site is not difficult. There are several ways to plant:
- Seedlings – planted after the threat of recurrent frosts, as the plant is still tender, the roots and sprouts can freeze. Planting is carried out step by step, through 25-30 cm, several plants (usually 3-4 pieces) per well;
- Division of the bush. Cultivation of chamomile by this method is the simplest. Usually, the shrub is divided when it reaches the age of 3-5 years. The preferred period is September. So the chamomile before frosts will have time to take root, and in the winter it will leave a completely strengthened plant;
- Growing from own seeds. This method is not too popular with gardeners, because it is not always possible to get the desired result. Parental signs may not be as clear as we would like, so the cultivation from the seeds of chamomile garden is not very frequent. To get beautiful flowers on the site, you need to buy seeds in the store. This way you can get a beautiful plant.
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Selecting the best seat, landing
Regardless of which way of cultivation is chosen, the site for planting in the garden area is selected in advance. It must meet several conditions:
- Garden chamomile prefers weakly acid soils, so it is necessary to take into account this nuance;
- The plant loves well-warmed sunny places;
- Before planting chamomile in the ground, organic or mineral fertilizers are introduced;
- When planting, take into account the distance between future adult bushes. Frequent planting will lead to thickening and, possibly, exhaustion and disease.
When growing large garden chamomile, you must adhere to the elementary rules of agricultural machinery for the care of perennial plants. Although it is a rather unpretentious flower, without proper supervision, the plant can lose its decorative effect, the flowers are ground, the stem will be thin, and the leaves may turn yellow.
If you compare photos of large varietal chamomiles with proper care and growing by themselves, you can see the difference.
First of all, it is worth paying attention to the planting holes and the distance between the planted plants. The step size should be depending on the height of the adult plant. With voluminous, powerful shrubs it is worth to maintain a distance of 80 cm to 1 m.
Compost and mineral fertilizers are poured into the hole. This can be a complex composition, purchased in a specialized store, designed for perennials.
After planting a beginner you need to water and leave alone for a few days for survival, before wrapping up space around the plant.
Watering, top dressing
It should be noted that the garden chamomile is drought-resistant, but with regular watering, the bloom will be brighter, the stems will grow higher, so the flowers will get more nutrition and will be larger.
Irrigation can be combined with top dressing. To increase the green mass of beautiful leaves, plants respond well to watering with a solution of mullein or chicken manure. You can prepare your own top dressing by pushing an armful of freshly mowed grass in a bucket of water for a week. When the composition ferments, it is bred at the rate: 1 liter per bucket of water.
Mandatory feeding during budding and flowering chamomile. The application of fertilizers can be carried out as follows: first, a small watering is done, then a fertilizer solution is introduced and again the plant is watered. This is done for better assimilation of nutrients and, in case an excessively saturated solution is prepared.
Weeding from weeds will give the flowerbed not only a neat appearance but also will not allow fungal and viral diseases to develop, which are often associated with thickened plantings or thickets of weeds. It is very convenient to use the cultivator for weeding and loosening the soil.
At the same time, it is desirable to loosen the ground around the plants. So the chamomile bushes will get enough moisture and air to the roots.
For a better winter, adult flowers are cut off at the end of autumn, leaving small hemp. To the plant well-tolerated frosts, they should be sheltered by pouring a layer of peat, leaves or old sawdust.
Procedure for the rejuvenation of chamomile
On average, in one place a shrub of ornamental chamomile can grow to five years. After this, you either need to separate the plant or perform a rejuvenation procedure. It is done this way: on the one hand, shoots are trimmed along with the root system. The nutrient soil (humus, compost) is poured into the formed well and the plant is watered abundantly.
This procedure is carried out 5 years after planting and then regularly every 3 years, pruning the bush every time on the other side.
With the correct planting, observance of the rules of care, the plant will thank with high stems, openwork leaves and large beautiful flowers that can decorate both the cottage area and the apartment in cut bouquets.
Most often farmers grow calendula, nasturtium, marigold, zucchini, pansies, cucumber grass, daylilies for flower cooks.
These farms are located, as a rule, in ecologically favorable areas and have in addition to fields and beds meadow and forest plots. Here they are harvesting edible flowers of wild plants: violets, primroses, dandelions, blackberry, acacia, etc. However, after 1-2 days of storage, the flowers lose their freshness and their wonderful taste.
Flower gourmet can and independently grow a garden of edible flowers to have raw materials at any time. Many foreign trading companies offer flower growers a special collection of seeds called “Edible Flowers” (Edible Flowers). Their composition includes, as a rule, seeds of calendula, chamomile pharmacies, nasturtiums, violets of three-color, marigolds thin-leaved.
But there are flower beds in which it is convenient to arrange plants with edible flowers. All the ideas discussed in different years have been successfully translated by the author into reality, and the created flower gardens continue to please and provide edible flowers, useful and tasty.
You can grow edible flowers in a variety of ways. One of the most common and fashionable is cultivation in containers, hanging baskets, etc. Such elements of flower design, even in the smallest garden, on a balcony or loggia, will not take up much space and do not require much time for leaving. In this mini-flower beds are very attractive; they can be easily moved, creating more and more new compositions. By placing a container or a hanging basket with edible flowers near the kitchen, you will always have flowers on hand for your experiments in the field of flower cooking.
Containers for edible flowers
The appearance, shape, material, color of the container you choose to grow a garden with edible flowers depends on where it will be located and what the overall stylistics of the garden is.
There are, fortunately, quite universal solutions, for example, containers of tufa. They quite naturally fit into almost any environment and are suitable for edible and any other colors. Such containers of the right size and shape can easily be made by you.
For the construction of a home-made container, sheets of paperboard from packing boxes, several bricks and pieces of a tube or logs with a diameter of about 2 cm and a length of about 5 cm will be needed to create drainage holes. From the cardboard make an external frame of the desired size and shape.
There are, fortunately, quite universal solutions, for example, containers of tufa. They quite naturally fit into almost any environment and are suitable for edible and any other colors.
Mix 2 parts (by volume) of dry peat, 1 part of dry cement of any brand and 1 part of building sand. You can add gravel or shells to the mixture. Add the water to a mass with the consistency of a thick dough. Pour the mixture into the outer frame from the cardboard until the bottom layer is about 5 cm thick. On it, install the inner frame from the cardboard. Insert tubes or chunks to create drainage holes. Pour the mixture between the sheets of cardboard, a little pound it (do not get carried away, otherwise the frame from the cardboard will lose its shape). Strengthen the resulting structure from the outside and from the inside with bricks to keep the shape. Leave to dry for 2-3 days. If the weather is very hot, the construction must be sprinkled with water several times. Then, remove the sheets of cardboard and take out the tubes at the locations of the drainage holes, Treat the walls of the resulting device with an iron brush. 4-5 days after this, fill the groove with the appropriate soil mixture and plant the plants.
In such containers, it is very good to grow carnations, lavender, chives, sage.
Edible flower garden in hanging baskets
Traditional hanging baskets are made of plastic coated wire. They contain special inserts made of coconut fibers, wool, wood waste, paper pulp. All of them will retain moisture and soil and allow making holes for planting plants from the sides of the basket.
Fill the basket with compost mixed with soil. Remember that the main problem of “basket” floriculture is the rapid drying of the soil in containers, so it will be very useful to add special water-retaining granules (hydrogel) to the substrate. It is also very useful when planting to add granules of slow-dissolving fertilizers in the amounts indicated in the instructions to the basket primer.
Using a sharp knife, make incisions 2-3 cm long on the sides of the basket, spread the soil to the level of cuts and gently push the root system of plants through them (for the least damage to the root system, it can be pre-wrapped in a paper tube, which, after pushing into the incision, must be removed). Roots carefully spread and add the soil until the basket is filled. Then plant the remaining plants from above. Well, moisten the soil.
And one more rule, which must be carried out rigorously: hanging baskets must be very securely fixed. It should be remembered that a basket with well-moistened soil becomes quite heavy and negligence in its consolidation can turn out to be a nuisance.
Of plants with edible flowers for hanging baskets, nasturtiums, small-flowered pansies, tuberous begonias and fragrant pelargoniums are most suitable. Edible flowers in containers and hanging baskets can be combined with different flower crops, ample tomatoes, spicy herbs.
“Flower Tower” can be stationary or portable. The stationary one is made elementary: several high stakes are driven into the ground along a circle with a diameter of 20-30 cm, onto which a plastic pipe is put on. An earth mixture (necessarily mixed with hydrogel) is buried in the pipe. In the wall of the tube, small holes are cut into which the seedlings are planted. To produce a portable “flower tower”, the container (future bottom) and a special frame are enclosed in a polyethylene sleeve, which is filled with soil. In its walls cut openings for planting plants. After growth, plants cover the surface of the entire structure, and the container located at its base serves as a reservoir for water, facilitating normal care.
Another way to decorate your garden in an unusual way is to place pendant baskets in the form of balls. For this, it is best to buy a ready-made light metal construction. Such devices are offered, for example, by the English company Thompson & Morgan. Flower spheres can be suspended in the same way as ordinary baskets and can be mounted on vertical supports. In this case, without any special care, you will receive a charming blooming “tree” during the whole summer season.
For planting in such spherical devices, it is possible to use seedlings of various plants: small-colored pansies, begonias, nasturtiums, remontant strawberries, but, perhaps, the most beautiful variant is obtained when using Valer’s balsam. His flowers can be simple and terry of a variety of colors. For abundant and prolonged flowering, the plant received the English name ‘Busy Lizzie’ (Hard Liza).
The decoration of the fence
The sad, tall fences around many garden plots are, sadly, the sad reality of our days. Can these fences be quickly and efficiently decorated, but also make practical use of it for the florist-cook? It turns out, you can.
One of the developments of the English company Thompson & Morgan – a special “flower pads” (flower pouch) for decorating walls and fences. “Pillows” in a form that is not filled with an earth mix are packages of dense plastic with special devices for fastening on the fence. They fill with a suitable earth mix, with sharp scissors they make in the outer side surface of the slits and plant seedlings or plant seeds.
For watering plants in such “pads” -packages, the company’s specialists offer a special device in the form of a plastic conical tube with holes at different levels. Such tubes are installed in each bag and periodically added water through a funnel.
Very beautiful look in such plastic containers, many plants with edible flowers, including fuchsia.
Fences can be use climbing plants. From plants with edible flowers for this, you can use stiff roses, honeysuckle, fire-red string beans and long-stemmed nasturtium.
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