Surfinias petunias are a genus of flowering plants whose petals give them the shape of a trumpet, similar to what happens in Mexican petunias. They are widely spread geographically and, in fact, can be found from Brazil and Argentina to the southern United States. It has many species, and all of them are very aesthetically valued, especially with giving colour to balconies or terraces because they are hanging plants, which also serve both for exterior and interior. If you like them, note this practical guide to petunia surfing care that you will see how easy it is to have them at home.
Petunia surfinia care – a practical guide
Take note of this guide on how to care for surfinias petunias to enjoy their colourful flowers at home:
Location and temperature
Surfinias petunias do not resist frost or low temperatures, so it is prevalent to consider them an annual plant, since it is tough to make it survive the cold months unless you live in a tropical or warm climate. Also, rain and wind can damage its very delicate petals, so it is necessary to find a location where they receive natural light, but where they are not fully exposed to the elements.
Irrigation of petunia surfinia
As far as flooding is concerned, these plants require abundant water, although as always, this should not be confused with pooling the substrate. Also, one must be very careful when watering them so as not to wet their petals, since, as with the rain, they can be damaged if water falls directly on them. In the warm months, they will need daily watering.
Lands and fertiliser
Surfinias petunias are grateful to be in soils with good drainage and rich in nutrients, which allow them to enjoy all the water they need without suffering from moisture problems. Also, in the warm months, they must be paid once every two weeks, and even once a week in the hottest part of the summer.
Cleaning and pruning
Since these plants are producing flowers for a significant amount of time, it is necessary to clean them from spoiled or withered flowers, which take away light from the plant. The same should be done with the leaves that are not well and, in addition, it is recommended to make an annual pruning from the first flowering to enhance it and also control its growth.
How to reproduce petunias surfinias
The best way to print surfinias petunias is simply by planting their seeds since they germinate quickly and are not complicated to grow.
However, for that, you have to recover the seeds of the plant itself. You can extract them from the dried flowers. Many times, when the flower has dried and withered, a small green capsule is visible, which turns yellow as the days go by. This capsule contains the seeds, and you must carefully remove it to sow them.
Many recommend removing the capsule while it is still green and let it dry in the sun for. In this way, make sure that we do not lose the seeds due to the natural detachment of the capsule. Also, keep in mind that not all dried flowers will house a seed capsule, so don’t worry if it takes you to find the first one.
How to plant surfinias petunias
To sow the seeds of petunia surfinia follow these simple guidelines:
- Prepare a pot or seedbed with a suitable substrate for these plants. Coconut fibre blends with earthworm humus are always a great option, as they provide loose soil, with excellent drainage and rich in nutrients.
- Spread the petunia seeds along the surface of the substrate, ensuring that they do not fall excessively together.
- With your finger press, the seeds lightly to bury them a few millimetres in the ground.
- It provides water sprayed with a sprayer, to prevent the water in displacement ends up gathering all the seeds in clusters.
- Cover the pot or seeded with the transparent film, which will help maintain moisture.
- Leave it somewhere illuminated but not directly exposed to sunlight. Ideally, they should be at a temperature between 21 ºC and 29 ºC.
- If you think the substrate dries, remove the plastic and respray water, although you may not need to do so until they germinate.
They are perennials that do not exceed a height of 45 cm, which can adapt different soils and climates depending on the specific species. Its trumpet-shaped flowers reach up to 13 cm, with a flowering that covers almost all the warm months. These include different colours and tones, from white, pink and violet to a bright red. They are also very aromatic flowers, which cover the plant to a large extent.